A pathologist will evaluate, treat and diagnose speech and communication disorders. They handle and work towards preventing cognitive-linguistic issues, oral problems, speech, swallowing, and all language related disorders.
If you or anyone you know is encountering issues related to language skills, cognitive linguistic and oral motor which have occurred due to neurological factor or event, then you must get them assessed through a reliable speech pathologist. There are people who deal with neck and head cancer and a few go through problems and injuries relating to underlining diseases.
For all the above mentioned disorders and problems, it is best to visit speech therapists without delay. There may be additional issues relating to communication and speech which are complex and can get treated by a speech specialist. Some of them are fluency struggles, speech pronunciation, reasoning communicative damages and voice value problems. Cognitive communication issues could include abstract reasoning problems, memory related problems, defects in problem solving, etc. These issues come up when your brain gets injured, or due to brain strokes and other kinds of medical disease processes. All of it should get quickly handled by an experienced pathologist.
If you are struggling with oropharyngeal weakness, and this is a disorder that causes aspiration of liquid or food entering your airway, or any kinds of respiratory complexities, you would definitely require to check with a pathologist quickly.
Pathologist and their responsibilities
They should efficiently help and treat patients who are experiencing communication and speech related issues, as the therapist would form a program as per the requirement of the patient. The part of the care program would be to include alternate nutrition depending on the aspiration risks, the level of diet modification which would assist with communion systems and swallowing which helps one with speech.
The speech specialist would also assist family members in the learning process to deal with communication issues and to stay involved with the stages of the treatment of the patient. Caregivers are taught and educated on the different levels or disease process, impairments and techniques for providing helping aid. They are also trained about ways by which they can treat speech impaired patients effectively. The speech specialist would also develop home programs which are especially customised and unique for the related patient and that it would help to maintain language and speech skills, swallowing and cognitive-linguist.
There are several speech specialists who take part in research programs so as to develop alternatives techniques for treating speech related issues. Different kinds of medication therapies alongside biological factoring are programmed and researched. A few research specialists are also experienced and adapt in developing computer programs which assist in facilitating implants and various kinds of techniques and devices for developing speech in patients who are experiencing speech disorders.